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Gloria Monty was an American television producer known for being the executive producer of General Hospital.

Biography

Born Gloria Montemuro in Allenhurst, New Jersey, she attended the University of Iowa, New York University and Columbia University, where she earned her master's degree in drama.

In 1952, she married writer and editor Robert O'Byrne, with whom she had founded a New York theater group, Abbe Theater School. With O'Byrne, Monty directed summer stock productions and led acting and speech workshops at The New School in New York City, where her pupils included Marlon Brando, Demi Moore and Tony Curtis. After directing shows such as The First Hundred Years, The Secret Storm (for many years) and Bright Promise, she is best known for taking over the ailing ABC Daytime serial General Hospital in 1978 as Executive Producer. Fred Silverman, the head of ABC, gave Monty thirteen weeks to turn the show around, with cancellation threatened if she did not succeed. It subsequently became the top-rated American daytime drama and won several Daytime Emmy Awards.

To accomplish this turnaround, she increased the show's pace and focused main storylines on younger characters to reach out to younger viewers, particularly the pairing of ingenue Laura Spencer (Genie Francis) and troubled criminal Luke Spencer (Anthony Geary, whom she knew from his stint on her previous series, Bright Promise). She gave the sets a more contemporary look and feel and employed production techniques once used only in primetime. One major result of the "Monty Revolution" was the faster pace of the show, effectively doubling the number of scenes in each episode. She was known for her rigid work ethic and for being tough with the cast and crew. "She demand[ed] excellence, but she reward[ed] it," said coordinating producer Jerry Balme.

Monty was accused of perpetuating dangerous misconceptions about rape, implicitly exalting violence against women. But Monty viewed the "rape" as a choreographed "seduction." Under her tenure, General Hospital rose to the top spot in the ratings, with Luke and Laura's 1981 wedding being the highest rated episode in daytime history (about 30 million viewers in 13 million households). Monty's Revolution consisted of couples such as Luke/Laura, Frisco/Felicia and Robert/Holly. She and various Head Writers also created the Quartermaine family, Bobbie Spencer, Luke Spencer, Robert Scorpio, Anna Devane, Robin Scorpio, the Cassadine family and many others who would dominate the show in the 1980s and early 1990s.

General Hospital received cover stories in People, Soap Opera Weekly and Newsweek, which referred to Luke and Laura as the "Rhett Butler and Scarlett O'Hara of Soapland." Included in the show's fan base were celebrities Elizabeth Taylor and Sammy Davis, Jr., both of whom guest starred on the series.

She was also the executive producer of the primetime serial The Hamptons. She employed many former daytime performers for this show. The serial was unusual because it was videotaped rather than being filmed.

Monty announced her departure from General Hospital in 1986, working on her final episode as executive producer in January 1987. Her next two successors, H. Wesley Kenney (1987-89) and Joseph Hardy (1989-91), were both lauded by viewers, but GH fell out of first place in 1988 (with the ratings top spot being taken over by The Young and the Restless, the show that Kenney was hired from). By 1990, the show's ratings were starting to sag significantly. That December, ABC's daytime programming head Jackie Smith successfully hired Monty back as GH's executive producer, and Monty resumed her role on February 13, 1991.

Monty's new ideas no longer seemed in touch with the world of Port Charles and viewer expectations. In early 1991, she lured Anthony Geary back to daytime, but not as the popular Luke Spencer. Instead, Monty went along with Geary's demand to play a brand new character, Bill Eckert, Luke's lookalike cousin. An entirely new family, the blue-collar Eckerts (including the matriarch, played by actress/singer Carol Lawrence), was ushered in, and quickly dominated storyline, taking up four to five days a week of airtime while the popular and wealthy Quartermaines were phased out. Monty also fired a dozen actors, in what the press described as a "bloodbath," including popular actress Jennifer Guthrie, who played heroine Dawn Winthrop on the show. After appointing her sister, Norma Monty as Head Writer, the ratings further eroded.

Monty's dismissal became eminent between the declining ratings and the departure of popular cast members such as Tristan Rogers and Finola Hughes. In early 1992, after only a year, Monty was replaced with Wendy Riche. She produced several made-for-television movies based on her friend Mary Higgins Clark's novels. She also chaired the New Jersey Motion Picture & Television Commission.

Monty died on March 30, 2006 at Rancho Mirage, California from cancer, aged 84

Positions held on General Hospital

Predecessor Executive Producer Successor
Joseph Hardy
(1989-1991)
Gloria Monty
(1991-1992)
Wendy Riche
(1992-2001)
Tom Donovan
(1987-1989)
Gloria Monty
(1978-1987)
H. Wesley Kenney
(1987-1989)


Predecessor Head Writer Successor
Pat Falken Smith
Margaret DePriest
(1979-1981)
Gloria Monty
Thom Racina
(1981)
Thom Racina
Leah Laiman
Robert J. Shaw
(1981-1982)

See also

References

v - e

General Hospital

Gh banner.jpg
Current Contract Characters
Curtis Ashford · Peter August · Drew Cain · Ava Cassadine · Nikolas Cassadine · Spencer Cassadine · Victor Cassadine · Harrison Chase · Laura Collins · Brando Corbin · Carly Corinthos · Michael Corinthos · Sonny Corinthos · Alexis Davis · Anna Devane · Dante Falconeri · Dr. Hamilton Finn · Sasha Gilmore · Josslyn Jacks · Maxie Jones · Sam McCall · Harmony Miller · Esme Prince · Brook Lynn Quartermaine · Nina Reeves · Dr. Portia Robinson · Felicia Scorpio · Willow Tait · Nurse Elizabeth Webber-Baldwin · Dr. Britt Westbourne
Current Recurring Characters
Marshall Ashford · T.J. Ashford · Scott Baldwin · Brick · Shawn Butler · Valentin Cassadine · Nurse Phyllis Caulfield · Dr. Ryan Chamberlain · Lucy Coe · Dr. Kevin Collins · Brad Cooper · Gladys Corbin · Kristina Corinthos-Davis · Nurse Amy Driscoll · Nurse Felix DuBois · Martin Grey · Stella Henry · Nurse Epiphany Johnson · Molly Lansing-Davis · Judge Rachel Lasser · Judge Richard Lowe · Diane Miller · Dr. Liesl Obrecht · Judge Henry Pierce · Dr. Monica Quartermaine · Ned Quartermaine · Olivia Quartermaine · Tracy Quartermaine · Dr. Terry Randolph · Dr. Lak Rashi · Cyrus Renault · Tony Robinson · Trina Robinson · Mac Scorpio · Robert Scorpio · Nurse Deanna Sirtis · Nurse Bobbie Spencer · Damian Spinelli · Cameron Webber
Current Child Characters
Scout Cain · Charlotte Cassadine · Donna Corinthos · Leo Falconeri · Rocco Falconeri · Violet Finn · Avery Jerome-Corinthos · Louise Jones · Danny Morgan · Wiley Quartermaine-Corinthos · Aiden Spencer · Jake Spencer · Georgie Spinelli · James West
Deceased and Presumed Dead Characters
Benny Abrahms · Bernie Abrahms · Dr. Rachel Adair · Diego Alcazar · Lorenzo Alcazar · Luís Alcazar · Sage Alcazar · Ruby Anderson · Dr. Andy Archer · Hank Archer · Dominique Baldwin · Franco Baldwin · Dr. Gail Baldwin · Lee Baldwin · Cooper Barrett · Harlan Barrett · Kiefer Bauer · Jesse Beaudry · Brian Beck · Katherine Bell · Nelle Benson-Jerome · Virginia Benson · Nurse Jessie Brewer · Dr. Phil Brewer · D.L. Brock · Nurse Marge Brown · Dr. Neil Byrne · Andy Capelli · Helena Cassadine · Irina Cassadine · Kristina Cassadine · Mikkos Cassadine · Stavros Cassadine · Stefan Cassadine · Tony Cassadine · Stone Cates · Lenny Caulfield · Dev Cerci · Melanie Chamberlain · Dr. Silas Clay · Eddie Coe · Victor Collins · Ray Conway · Wiley Cooper-Jones · Liam Corbin · Mike Corbin · Lily Corinthos · Morgan Corinthos · Phil Cusack · Dr. Alex Devane · Dr. Ian Devlin · Ronnie Dimestico · Sean Donely · Dr. Pierce Dorman · John Durant · Beatrice Eckert · Bill Eckert · Nancy Eckert · Cesar Faison · Fake Chloe · Connie Falconeri · Stella Fields · Dr. Russell Ford · Alice Grant · Brent Green · David Grey · Gordon Grey · Summer Halloway · David Hamilton · Anthony Hand · Jon Hanley · Dr. Steve Hardy · Peter Harrell, Sr. · Abby Haver · Logan Hayes · Theo Hoffman · Lady Jane Jacks · John Jacks · Edge Jackson · Aleksander Janáček · Julian Jerome · Kiki Jerome · Veronica Jerome · Victor Jerome · Stan Johnson · B.J. Jones · Georgie Jones · Tania Jones · Dr. Tony Jones · Dr. Ewen Keenan · Dr. Warren Kirk · Rafe Kovich, Jr. · Dr. Eve Lambert · Trevor Lansing · Duke Lavery · Beatrice LeSeur · Dr. Cameron Lewis · Nurse Lucille March-Weeks · Wendy Masters · Courtney Matthews · Danny McCall · Angus McKay · Nurse Leyla Mir · Trey Mitchell · Susan Moore · Chloe Morgan · Jason Morgan · Oscar Nero-Quartermaine · Dr. Lisa Niles · Johnny O'Brien · Dr. Kevin O'Connor · Brighton O'Reilly · Raj Patel · Dustin Phillips · Eddie Phillips · A.J. Quartermaine · Dr. Alan Quartermaine · Alex Quartermaine · Edward Quartermaine · Dr. Emily Quartermaine · Lila Quartermaine · Quentin Quartermaine · Mariah Ramirez · Madeline Reeves · Carlos Rivera · Hernando Rivera · Faith Rosco · Nurse Sabrina Santiago · Joe Scully · Jack Slater · Damian Smith · Frank Smith · Zander Smith · Joseph Sorel · Luke Spencer · Siobhan Spencer · Cheryl Stansbury · Jennifer Talbot · Leopold Taub · Nurse Diana Taylor · Dr. Peter Taylor · Nurse Amy Vining · Barbara Vining · Jason Vining · Reverend Dr. Bradley Ward · Justus Ward · Mary Mae Ward · Dr. Rick Webber · Al Weeks · Nathan West · Dr. Karen Wexler · Dawn Winthrop · Dr. Maggie Wurth · Anthony Zacchara · Claudia Zacchara-Corinthos
Off-screen and Former Characters
Lila Rae Alcazar · Dr. Grant Andrews · Jennifer Arden · Terri Arnett · Jordan Ashford · Arielle Ashton · Lord Larry Ashton · Larry Joe Baker · Christina Baldwin · Serena Baldwin · Dr. Tom Baldwin · Alec Barrett · Brenda Barrett · Julia Barrett · Derek Barrington · Hayden Barnes · Claudette Beaulieu · Dr. David Bensch · Ginny Blake · Jack Boland · Nora Buchanan · Edward Caldwell · Florence Campbell · Gia Campbell · Nurse Sheila Cantillion · Judge Naomi Carson · Eric Cates · Jagger Cates · Gregory Chase · Carmine Cerullo · Gloria Cerullo · Lois Cerullo · Skye Chandler-Quartermaine · Judge Amber Chau · Dr. Linda Chu · Nurse Judy Clampett · Nurse Beverly Cleveland-Fairchild · Angie Collins · Elijah Crowe · Nurse Jolene Crowell · Nurse Nadine Crowell · Dr. Rae Cummings · Marco Dane · Dr. Harrison Davis · Howie Dawson · Margaux Dawson · Katherine Delafield · Téa Delgado · Roy DiLucca · Tiffany Donely · Senator Martin Drake · Dr. Noah Drake · Dr. Patrick Drake · Chet Driscoll · Toussaint Dubois · Algernon Durban · George Durnely · Jenny Eckert · Sly Eckert · John Everett · Nurse Iris Fairchild · Ralph Finchley · Florence Grey · Pres Floyd · Parker Forsyth · Nurse Betsy Frank · Alex Garcia · Max Giambetti · Milo Giambetti · Marcus Godfrey · Yvonne Godfrey · Carla Greco · Frankie Greco · Alice Gunderson · Nurse Audrey Hardy · Dr. Simone Hardy · Dr. Tom Hardy · Dr. Tommy Hardy · Nurse Jane Harland · Jim Harper · Elton Herbert · Dr. Jim Hobart · Jimmy Lee Holt · Paul Hornsby · Greg Howard · Dr. Matt Hunter · Hutch Hutchins · Jasper Jacks · Jerry Jacks · Miranda Jameson · Reginald Jennings · Olivia Jerome · Amelia Joffe · Claudia Johnston-Phillips · Frisco Jones · Dr. Lucas Jones · Slick Jones · Dr. Leo Julian · Rose Kelly · Jack Kensington · Dr. Gary Lansing · Howard Lansing · Ric Lansing · Roy Lansing · Dr. Steven Lansing · Nurse Meg Lawson · Dr. Kelly Lee · Winifred Leeds · Guy Lewis · Nurse Rita Lloyd · Carol Lockhart · Nurse Anne Logan · Janice Lomax · Priscilla Longworth · Ethan Lovett · Charlie Lutz · Emma Lutz · Huxley Lynch · Dr. Andre Maddox · Starr Manning · Todd Manning · Nurse Rosalie Martinez · Pete Marquez · Dr. Francince Massey · John McBain · Camellia McKay · Martha McKee · Nurse Melissa McKee · Skeeter McKee · Nurse Augusta McLeod · Maggie McMorris · James Meadows · Jake Meyer · Nurse Lorraine Miller · Martina Morales · Angel Moran · Miguel Morez · ‎Hope Morgan · Ken Morgan · Sam Morgan · Johnny Morrissey · Joey Moscini · Decker Moss · Dr. Griffin Munro · Byron Murphy · Kent Murray · Dr. Kim Nero · Dr. Patrick O'Connor · Finian O'Toole · Delores Padilla · Blackie Parrish · Paloma Perez · Bryan Phillips · Nurse Georgia Price · Grant Putnam · Celia Quartermaine · Dillon Quartermaine · Burt Ramsey · Ranelle Rance · Coleman Ratcliffe · Tom Rayner · Guy Richardson · Dr. Joe Rivera · Teddy Rivera · Cruz Rodriguez · Casey Rogers · Dan Rooney · Winston Rudge · Father Mateo Ruiz · Delia Ryan Coleridge · Juan Santiago · Emma Scorpio-Drake · Dr. Robin Scorpio-Drake · Hannah Scott · Jeffrey Scribner · Rebecca Shaw · Colton Shore · Harry Silver · Charlene Simpson · Dr. Eric Simpson · Jennifer Smith · Lucky Spencer · Lulu Spencer · Valerie Spencer · Rex Stanton · Suzanne Stanwyck · Nurse Mischa Stephens · Holly Sutton · Marcus Taggert · Jackie Templeton · Nurse Regina Thompson · Ellie Trout · Dusty Walker · Claire Walsh · Judge David Walters · Faith Ward · Isobel Ward · Keesha Ward · Dr. Maya Ward · Randy Washburn · Rupert Watson · Heather Webber · Dr. Jeff Webber · Dr. Lesley Webber · Mike Webber · Rick Webber, Jr. · Dr. Sarah Webber · Dr. Steve Webber · Samantha Welles · Rhonda Wexler · Agnes Whitaker · Whit Whitaker · Mitch Williams · Dr. Lainey Winters · Prunella Witherspoon · Grace Yang · Johnny Zacchara
Current Crew
Dan O'Connor (Head writer, 2019-present) · Frank Valentini (Executive producer, 2012-present) · Chris Van Etten (Head writer, 2017-present)
Former Crew
Shelly Altman (Head writer, 2011-2012, 2015-2019) · Ron Carlivati (Head writer, 2012-2015) · Jill Farren Phelps (Executive producer, 2001-2012) · Robert Guza, Jr. (Head writer, 1996, 1997-2000, 2002-2008, 2008-2011) · H. Wesley Kenney (Executive producer, 1987-1989; Head writer, 1988) · Gloria Monty (Executive producer, 1978-1987, 1991-1992; Head writer, 1981) · Jean Passanante (Head writer, 2015-2017) · Wendy Riche (Executive producer, 1992-2001) · Garin Wolf (Head writer, 2008, 2011-2012)
Related Topics
List of cast members · List of current actors · History of General Hospital
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